What is an F1 Labradoodle? Everything you need to know

The Labradoodle has continued to gain popularity in homes around the globe. These dogs are a mix of a Labrador Retriever and a Poodle, and combine the best of both breeds: obedience, friendliness, and an easy-to-manage coat.

What is an F1 Labradoodle?

The first-generation Labradoodle, also known as the F1 Labradoodle, is exactly half poodle and half Labrador Retriever. They’re the product of the initial breeding of a full-bred Lab and a full-bred poodle, making them the first-generation mix of the two breeds.

They’re medium to large in size, and are great dogs for families. Their curly or wavy coat gives them a cuddly appearance that appeals to a wide range of dog owners.

What is an F1b Labradoodle?

An F1b Labradoodle is a second-generation, and is bred by crossing an F1 Labradoodle with a poodle. This means that the F1b Labradoodle is 75 percent poodle and 25 percent Lab. These Labradoodles will usually have more poodle-like characteristics, including a curlier coat, but will still exhibit Lab-like personality traits as well.

When did Labradoodles become popular?

The Labradoodle may have been around as early as the 1950s, though they didn’t gain much popularity back then. These dogs sometimes appeared in movies and TV shows, though they weren’t widely popular for the everyday household.

In 1989, a man in Australia starting breeding Labradoodles, and while he takes credit for their creation and popularity, it’s widely disputed that they were around much before that time. But only in the last couple of decades has the popularity of the Labradoodle skyrocketed, combining two of the most popular dog breeds around the world.

Labradoodle vs. Labrador

So why are Labradoodles so popular? While Labradoodles and Labs have many of the same characteristics and care requirements, let’s take a look at how these breeds differ.

1. Coats and shedding

Any Labrador owner knows that the double coat (required to keep the Lab warm and dry in all kinds of weather conditions) can cause a lot of unwanted shedding around the home, built up in the carpet, on the floor, and all over furniture.

For more on the Lab’s double coat, see our article: Understanding the Lab’s Double Coat: Do Labs Shed A Lot?

A benefit of the F1 Labradoodle is that their shedding generally isn’t as bad as a Lab’s, which can help with pet allergies and cleanup. So while Labradoodles aren’t completely hypoallergenic, they are easier for those with pet allergies to be around since F1 Labradoodle coat changes and shedding are usually minimal.

RELATED: Labrador Shedding: 3 Must Have Items to Conquer It

However, their coats can vary. You’ll see Labradoodles with the standard curly poodle coat, a more wiry appearance, or sometimes even straight. These are referred to as wool, fleece, or hair types of coats. But however curly it is, Labradoodles do inherit longer hair from the poodle.

2. Personality traits

Full-bred Labs are known for their friendly disposition, making them popular with children and families. Full-bred poodles are also generally considered lovable, though they’re not always as outgoing as Labs, and may be more timid with new people.

Labradoodles inherit lots of that Labrador charm, so they’re thought to be just as great with children, and they make great companions. Both dog breeds are smart, but since Labs are working dogs, they have more of a tendency toward the hunt, making them more perceptive and committed to a task.

RELATED: Labs as Gun Dogs: Hunting Dog Training & Tips

3. Size

Because there are different sizes of poodles, including the standard, toy, and miniature poodle, the size of Labradoodles can also vary widely.

If a standard poodle is bred with a Lab, these Labradoodles are typically around the size of a regular Labrador any may even be a bit smaller.

Generally, Labs can be anywhere from 55-80 lbs when full grown. Miniature Labradoodles range from 15 to 30 lbs, medium from 30 to 45 lbs, and standard from 45 to 90 lbs.

4. Exercise

Labradoodles are usually just as energetic as the Lab. Both breeds need plenty of exercise each day, in addition to opportunities to use their intellect, including games and other forms of stimulation. Because Labs are more prone to weight gain, they may need a bit more exercise to stay healthy and trim.

Labradoodle grooming

Labradoodles require regular grooming, just like Labs or poodles. This includes trimming, brushing, and washing. Brushing their coat regularly, every week or every two weeks, ensures that the amount your dog does shed is kept to a minimum.

RELATED: Labrador Grooming: Best Practices

Labradoodles typically get their coats trimmed a couple times per year. You should also trim their nails and bath them as needed. Of course, if your Labradoodle plays outside a lot and gets messy, they’ll need more grooming.

Some dog owners just prefer the look of a Labradoodle to a Labrador. You get that dependable, friendly personality of a Lab with the fuzzy, cuddly coat of a poodle.

Their size is manageable for a range of dwelling types, and grooming isn’t over the top.

All of these reasons have made Labradoodles one of the most popular breeds to own around the world.